In an attempt to attract the attention of little girls across the nation, Hasbro Studios forged the My Little Pony entertainment franchise in 1981. With what began as a toy line of brightly colored ponies, each sporting their own distinct manes, the My Little Pony brand has changed and expanded multiple times since its inauguration. Yielding to popular demand, the franchise manufactured myriad merchandise, from books to children’s bedding. Hasbro diversified the franchise by producing My Little Pony television shows in 1994, 1992, and 2003. 

Photo of 8 of the pony characters in My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic smiling surrounded by the title of the show in pink text

My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic Cover Photo, Image by Google

The shows were popular among the intended audience of young girls. Hasbro introduced the animated television series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic in 2010, which details the life of a unicorn pony named Twilight and her five closest pony friends. The show attempts to provide young girls with moral life lessons via the lives of brightly colored pony friends. Each pony symbolizes a vital attribute of friendship such as honesty or loyalty. However, in its effort to engage young girls by the means of pastel ponies, My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic inadvertently captivated the minds of adult men in the process. These unforeseen fans assembled to form a now gargantuan subculture known as “Bronies,” and make up the prevailing Brony Subculture. Combining the words “bro” and “pony,” the group created the name of “Brony.”

Soon after Hasbro released My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, a surge of public interest took the internet by storm. Online sites such as 4chan became hosts for My Little Pony related memes, jokes, and general conversation. While some of these commenters were critics of the show, many were vehement supporters, or “Bronies” in the making. Described by some as among the most exponentially growing fanbases by 2012, Bronies have also gained a reputation for their utmost dedication to the subculture (Turner 2014).

Photo of an adult male Brony in a rainbow wig, cat ears, and pony wings similar to the characters on the show.

Adult male Brony, Image by Google

The subculture originally formed from the ironic notion of adults enthralled by a show tailor-made for young girls, but sprouted to include those with a more of a genuine sentiment towards My Little Pony. At the formation of the Brony Subculture, members were primarily educated men between the ages of 15 and 35 (Gilbert 2015). In addition to participating in the My Little Pony subculture via a number of avenues, Bronies also serve to advance My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic’s mantra of love and tolerance (Edwards & Redden 2012). Their welcoming philosophy of blind acceptance permits widespread communication, and acts as a driving force behind the entire Brony subculture. Indeed, many Bronies maintain that the Brony friendships they have made and preserved online are significant factors influencing their continued membership in the Brony fandom (Edwards & Redden 2012).

The Brony fandom grew to encompass a sizable number of members with a wide geographic distribution worldwide. Consequently, Bronies created their own webpages, namely “Equestria Daily” and “Ponychan,” to allow and promote discussion between Bronies from all around the world. These sites gave Bronies a space to share fan art, fan fiction, music, and stories, all of which helped instill a sense of Brony community. Bronies have even developed their own jargon labeled “Bronyspeak” that they use to communicate with each other online (Roberston 2013). For example, “everypony,” is a substitute for “everybody,” “What the hay?” translates to “What the heck?” and “It’s time to pony up” means “It’s time to man up.” Countless other examples can be found online, especially as some fans have compiled commonly used Bronyspeak terms into informal dictionaries. Profuse knowledge and proper implementation of “Bronyspeak” now serves to expose Brony members as experienced or amateurish. authentic or inauthentic. Still, the Brony subculture knows no leader. Participants foster a shared identity, but are not placed into a hierarchy. Members are fully able to join and withdraw from the community as they please sans repercussions.


Photoshoot at BronyCon in which a group of people are dressed as characters from the show. For example, one woman is dressed in all pink with a horn and a man is dressed in a uniform and a horn

Photoshoot at BronyCon

As the Brony community grew, fan activities evolved. Bronies eventually hosted what would become an annual convention called “Bronycon” in 2011 that allows Bronies from all over the world to congregate in one location and participate in various activities. The convention typically involves a musical concert, fan presentations, video games, cosplay, and video productions (Lozano 2014). Today, Bronies often gather to watch episodes together, create fan fiction, or simply discuss their mutual affection for My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic and similar experiences owing to their common interest (Peck-Suzuki 2016).

Furthermore, the contemporary Brony subculture includes more female participants than it did in its early years (What is a Brony?). Although the term “Brony” is a play on “bro” and “pony,” indicating the predominantly male composition of the fanbase, “Brony” is generally considered a gender-neutral term. All female participants identify as “Bronies,” but some have additionally adopted the label of “Pegasisters.” Additional labels for female Bronies that are somewhat less common include “Bronette,” “Unigirl,” and “Lady Brony.”

The Brony subculture is notable for its explosive early growth, its dependence on the internet for its formation and propagation, and the fact that it was accidentally spawned by an unexpected demographic. The notion that adult men are fans of a television show about cartoon ponies that was intended for young girls attracts scorn from many, but perhaps its defiance of stereotypes is part of the subculture’s appeal. As I will discuss further in an exploration of prominent themes, the Brony identity emphatically deviates from the norm, resisting dominant values of masculinity and establishing an alternative to the mainstream culture of patriarchy.


1. Toxic Masculinity in Brony Subculture

Resists toxic masculinity by allowing its male members to perform their gender identities in blatantly deviant ways. For example, Bronies advocate for nonviolence, which is a gentler approach compared to the norm. Additionally, it is not considered masculine for men to be so interested in cartoon ponies, but many Bronies embrace this aspect of their identities.

2. Participatory Culture in Brony Subculture

By creating fan art and fan fiction, Bronies are not simply consumers of the My Little Pony franchise, but they are producers. Being that the creations made by Bronies are so vital to the subculture, I think it would be important to talk about.

3. Controversy/Stigmatization within Brony Subculture

Adult men being so passionate about a TV show made for young girls can be made controversial enough by society, but another caveat has been introduced—the idea that Bronies sexualize My Little Pony. This has caused a divide between an otherwise unified subculture.

4. Commodification in Brony Subculture

Bronies participate in the commodification of My Little Pony merchandise.  For example, attending BronyCon includes spending money on hotels, transportation, and costumes. Additionally, there are various different stations at BronyCon selling a variety of My little Pony products.

5. Globalization of the Brony Subculture

Technology, especially the internet, allows the Brony Subculture to exist on a global scale. Bronies from all around the world interact to share their passion for My Little Pony. They exchange ideas, merchandise, and stories all regarding My Little Pony




Documentary cover of

Image by Google


Bronies: The Extremely Unexpected Adult Fans of My Little Pony (2012)
• The film shows a few different BronyCon conventions and explores the lives of different Bronies. It eons to Brony examines the pros and cons of Brony membership as detailed by real-life Bronies.

Watch the trailer here 




Documentary cover for

Image by Google


A Brony Tale (2014)
• The film shows Ashleigh Ball (a voice actress from My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic) interviewing a diverse array of Bronies. Some interviewees include a former college athlete, a motorcyclist, and an army veteran.

Watch the trailer here






Documentary cover for

Image by Google

The Brony Chronicles (2014)
• While focusing on the history of Brony fandom, the film features interviews with notable Bronies with the hopes to shed positive light on the subculture.

Watch the trailer here





A short animated clip of ponies explaining what a “Brony” is and the overall Brony subculture.


A song made by a Brony talking about Brony culture.

Neighslayer, an instrumental brony band, performing at BronyCon in 2012.

The first episode of “Brony Talk,” a YouTube show made by Bronies.

A problematic FOX news clip in which the reporters attack Bronies, claiming that Bronies file disability so they can watch “My Little Pony” instead of going work.

News clip about a 9 year old boy in North Carolina who was bullied for his “My Little Pony” backpack. The school banned the backpack instead of dealing with the bullies.

An episode of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic


• A “parent’s guide to Bronies” that is supposed to explain what bronies are to parents and how to identify if their child is a brony or not.
• A wikiHow detailing “how to tell your parents that you are a brony”
• A list of “21 facts you didn’t know about bronies.” One fact claims that 25% of bronies have been in serious relationships within the last year
• An article by Buzfeed detailing the “10 things you should know about bronies”

Significant Scholarship

Significant Scholarship

Burdfield, Claire. 2015. “Finding Bronies-The Accidental Audience of My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.” The Journal of Popular Television 3(1): 127-134.

Jones, Bethan. 2015. “My Little Pony, Tolerance is Magic: Gender Policing and Brony Anti-Fandom.” The Journal of Popular Television 3(1): 119-225.

Literat, Ioana. 2017. “The Power of a Pony: Youth Literacies, Participatory Culture, and Active Meaning Making.” Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy 61(1): 113-116.

McCracken, Allison. 2015. “Fic: Why Fanfiction Is Taking Over the World by Anne Jamison (review).” Cinema Journal 54(3): 170-175. 

Miller, Samuel Clark. 2016. “Friendship is Manly: The Brony Fandom and the Challenge of Masculinity.” The University of North Dakota Dissertations Publishing

Other Sources

A Brony-made page that sells Brony merchandise and shares Brony blogs
A My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic fanfiction written by a Brony
A blog written by a Brony entitled “A Day in the Life of a Brony” that examines the different obstacles most “out” Bronies face.


Page by: Helena Alacha ’18